Child Abuse. Child abuse is defined as a non-accidental injury or pattern of injuries. It can take the form of physical injury, sexual abuse, neglect or the emotional maltreatment of children. Hawaii Children’s Trust Fund webpage, hawaiichildrensstrustfund.org. Note: Look at Statute 587A (DHS on Harm and imminent harm). Look at Statute 350-1 (DOH on definition of abuse and neglect).
Child Development. Child Development refers to how a child becomes able to do more complex things as they get older. Development is different than growth. Growth only refers to the child getting bigger in size. When we talk about normal development, we are talking about developing skills like:
- Gross motor: using large groups of muscles to sit, stand, walk, run, etc.
- Fine motor: using hands to be able to eat, draw, dress, play, write, and do many other things.
- Language: speaking, using body language and gestures, communicating and understanding what others say.
- Cognitive: thinking skills including learning, understanding, problem-solving, reasoning, and remembering.
- Social: interacting with others, having relationships with family, friends, and teachers, cooperating, and responding to the feelings of others.
- Social Emotional: self-regulation
Dental Home. The dental home is inclusive of all aspects of oral health that result from the interaction of the patient, parents, dentists, dental professionals, and non-dental professionals. Establishment of the dental home is initiated by the identification and interaction of these individuals resulting in a heightened awareness of all issues impacting the patient’s oral health.” American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry “Policy on the Dental Home,” 2001 Adopted; 2004, 2012 Revised, 2010 Reaffirmed
Child Care and Early Education Programs. Include the following early learning program designs and/or settings: home visitation, family child interaction learning, family child care and center-based programs.
Center-Based: Programs that take place in preschools, nursery schools, and child care centers operated by non-profit and for-profit organizations.
Home-Visitation: Programs that provide support and education to families with young children in their own home.
Family Child Care: Programs that provide care and education to small groups of children in the provider’s own home.
Family-Child Interaction Learning: Programs that provide direct service to families in a variety of public and private facilities and parks, operating, on average, three hours per day and three days per week, including adult participation in the program (parent learning) and child learning time.
Coaching. A type of mentoring where an individual is observed and given feedback in a collegial manner.
Family Partnership. Team 3 developing
Family Peer-to-Peer model. Team 3 developing.
Family Leadership Development. Team 3 developing
Health: A human condition with physical, social and psychological dimensions, each characterized on a continuum with positive and negative poles. Positive health is associated with a capacity to enjoy life and to withstand challenges; it is not merely the absence of disease. Negative health is associated with illness, and in the extreme, with premature death.
Medical Home: A family-centered medical home is not a building, house, hospital, or home healthcare service, but rather an approach to providing comprehensive primary care. In a family-centered medical home the pediatric care team* works in partnership with a child and a child’s family to assure that all of the medical and non-medical needs of the patient are met. National Center for Medical Home Implementation, American Academy of Pediatrics website, www.medicalhomeinfo.org.
Mentoring. A mentor listens and responds to her/his protégé; guiding and giving feedback using listening and communication skills, rather than telling the protégé what to do. A mentor providers emotional and professional support.
Overweight and obesity are both labels for ranges of weight that are greater than what is generally considered healthy for a given height.
P-3 Approach. Part of the P-20 continuum that focuses on learning that spans Pre-K (birth to 5) and the early grades (K-3) and includes the following broad elements: 1. Ensuring resources for cross sector work; 2. Assuring administrator quality and capacity; 3. Assuring teacher and teaching quality; 4. Aligning and balancing instructional tools – standards, curricula, instruction & assessments; 5. Ensuring appropriate learning environments; 6. Implementing data-driven improvements; 7. Working to engage and partner with families; and 8. Assuring access, transitions and pathways. PreK-3rd Grade National Workgroup
Physical Activity – any bodily movement produced by the contraction of skeletal muscle that increases energy expenditure above a basal level. CDC
Social Determinants of Health. The social determinants of health are the circumstances in which people are born, grow up, live, work, and age, as well as the systems put in place to deal with illness. These circumstances are in turn shaped by a wider set of forces: economics, social policies, and politics. Social Determinants of Health Key Concepts, World Health Organization, www.cdc.gov/socialdeterminants.
EARLY CHILDHOOD ACRONYMS
ADA Americans with Disabilities Act
ADHD/ADD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder/Attention Deficit Disorder
ASD Autism Spectrum Disorder
ASL American Sign Language
AT Assistive Technology
BIP Behavior Intervention Plan
BOE Board of Education
BSP Behavior Support Plan
CAMHD Child & Adolescent Mental Health Division (DOH)
CAS Complex Area Superintendent
CC Care Coordinator
CCC Community Children’s Council
CCCO Community Children’s Council Office
CM Case Manager
CP Cerebral Palsy
CSSS Comprehensive Student Support System
DES District Educational Specialist
EA Educational Assistant
ED Emotional Disturbance
EI Early Intervention
ELAB Early Learning Advisory Board
EO Education Officer
EPSDT Early & Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment
ESLL English As A Second Language Learner
ESY Extended School Year
FAPE Free Appropriate Public Education
FBA Functional Behavior Assessment
FERPA Family Education Rights and Privacy Act of 1974
FGC Family Guidance Center (CAMHD)
GE Geographic Exception
GED General Education Development
HAEYC Hawaii Association for the Education of Young Children
HDRC Hawaii Disability Rights Center
HFAA Hawaii Families As Allies
HI Hearing Impairment
H-KISS Hawaii Keiki Information Service System
IAES Interim Alternative Educational Setting
IDEA Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
IEP Individualized Education Program
IFSP Individualized Family Support Plan
ILI Initial Line of Inquiry
IQ Intelligence Quotient
ISPED Integrated Special Education System (SpEd Database)
ISP Individualized Service Plan
LD/SLD Learning Disability/Specific Learning Disability
LDAH Learning Disabilities Association of Hawaii
LRE Least Restrictive Environment
MD Muscular Dystrophy
MN Meeting Notification (DOH EI)
MP Modification Plan (Section 504)
MR Mental Retardation
MS Multiple Sclerosis
NCLB No Child Left Behind Act of 2001
OCD Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
OCISS Office of Curriculum, Instruction & Student Support
ODD Oppositional Defiant Disorder
OHI Other Health Impairment
OI Orthopedic Impairment
OSEP Office of Special Education Programs
OT Occupational Therapy
PBS Positive Behavior Supports
PCNC Parent Community Networking Center
PDD Pervasive Developmental Disorder
PLEP Present Levels of Educational Performance
PLOD Present Levels of Development
PSN Procedural Safeguards Notice
PT Physical Therapy
PWN Prior Written Notice
PSAP Primary School Adjustment Program
QA Quality Assurance
RFE Request for Evaluation
RT Resource Teacher
SBBH School-Based Behavioral Health
SLI Speech-Language Impairment
SCC School Community Council
SLP Speech-Language Pathology
SLPA Speech= Language Pathology Assistant
SPED Special Education
SPIN Special Instruction (Early Intervention)
619 Coordinator Preschool Coordinator (DOE)
SSC Student Services Coordinator
SST Student Support Team
TBI Traumatic Brain Injury
TS Tourette Syndrome
VI Visual Impairment