Child Abuse.  Child abuse is defined as a non-accidental injury or pattern of injuries.  It can take the form of physical injury, sexual abuse, neglect or the emotional maltreatment of children.  Hawaii Children’s Trust Fund webpage,  Note:  Look at Statute 587A (DHS on Harm and imminent harm).  Look at Statute 350-1 (DOH on definition of abuse and neglect).

Child Development.  Child Development refers to how a child becomes able to do more complex things as they get older.  Development is different than growth.  Growth only refers to the child getting bigger in size.  When we talk about normal development, we are talking about developing skills like:

  • Gross motor: using large groups of muscles to sit, stand, walk, run, etc.
  • Fine motor:  using hands to be able to eat, draw, dress, play, write, and do many other things.
  • Language:  speaking, using body language and gestures, communicating and understanding what others say.
  • Cognitive: thinking skills including learning, understanding, problem-solving, reasoning, and remembering.
  • Social:  interacting with others, having relationships with family, friends, and teachers, cooperating, and responding to the feelings of others.
  • Social Emotional:  self-regulation

Dental Home.  The dental home is inclusive of all aspects of oral health that result from the interaction of the patient, parents, dentists, dental professionals, and non-dental professionals.  Establishment of the dental home is initiated by the identification and interaction of these individuals resulting in a heightened awareness of all issues impacting the patient’s oral health.”  American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry “Policy on the Dental Home,” 2001 Adopted; 2004, 2012 Revised, 2010 Reaffirmed

Child Care and Early Education Programs.  Include the following early learning program designs and/or settings:  home visitation, family child interaction learning, family child care and center-based programs.

Center-Based:  Programs that take place in preschools, nursery schools, and child care centers operated by non-profit and for-profit organizations.

Home-Visitation:  Programs that provide support and education to families with young children in their own home.

Family Child Care:  Programs that provide care and education to small groups of children in the provider’s own home.

Family-Child Interaction Learning:  Programs that provide direct service to families in a variety of public and private facilities and parks, operating, on average, three hours per day and three days per week, including adult participation in the program (parent learning) and child learning time.

Coaching.  A type of mentoring where an individual is observed and given feedback in a collegial manner.

Family Partnership.  Team 3 developing

Family Peer-to-Peer model.  Team 3 developing.

Family Leadership Development.  Team 3 developing

Health:  A human condition with physical, social and psychological dimensions, each characterized on a continuum with positive and negative poles.  Positive health is associated with a capacity to enjoy life and to withstand challenges; it is not merely the absence of disease.  Negative health is associated with illness, and in the extreme, with premature death.

Medical Home:  A family-centered medical home is not a building, house, hospital, or home healthcare service, but rather an approach to providing comprehensive primary care.  In a family-centered medical home the pediatric care team* works in partnership with a child and a child’s family to assure that all of the medical and non-medical needs of the patient are met.  National Center for Medical Home Implementation, American Academy of Pediatrics website,

Mentoring.  A mentor listens and responds to her/his protégé; guiding and giving feedback using listening and communication skills, rather than telling the protégé what to do.  A mentor providers emotional and professional support.

Overweight and obesity are both labels for ranges of weight that are greater than what is generally considered healthy for a given height.

P-3 Approach.  Part of the P-20 continuum that focuses on learning that spans Pre-K (birth to 5) and the early grades (K-3) and includes the following broad elements:  1.  Ensuring resources for cross sector work; 2.  Assuring administrator quality and capacity; 3.  Assuring teacher and teaching quality; 4.  Aligning and balancing instructional tools – standards, curricula, instruction & assessments; 5.  Ensuring appropriate learning environments; 6.  Implementing data-driven improvements; 7.  Working to engage and partner with families; and 8. Assuring access, transitions and pathways.  PreK-3rd Grade National Workgroup

Physical Activity – any bodily movement produced by the contraction of skeletal muscle that increases energy expenditure above a basal level. CDC

Social Determinants of Health.  The social determinants of health are the circumstances in which people are born, grow up, live, work, and age, as well as the systems put in place to deal with illness.  These circumstances are in turn shaped by a wider set of forces: economics, social policies, and politics.  Social Determinants of Health Key Concepts, World Health Organization,



ADA Americans with Disabilities Act

ADHD/ADD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder/Attention Deficit Disorder

ASD Autism Spectrum Disorder

ASL American Sign Language

AT Assistive Technology

BIP Behavior Intervention Plan

BOE Board of Education

BSP Behavior Support Plan

CAMHD Child & Adolescent Mental Health Division (DOH)

CAS Complex Area Superintendent

CC Care Coordinator

CCC Community Children’s Council

CCCO Community Children’s Council Office

CM Case Manager

CP Cerebral Palsy

CSSS Comprehensive Student Support System

DB Deaf/Blindness

DES District Educational Specialist

EA Educational Assistant

ED Emotional Disturbance

EI Early Intervention

ELAB Early Learning Advisory Board

EO Education Officer

EPSDT Early & Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment

ESLL English As A Second Language Learner

ESY Extended School Year

FAPE Free Appropriate Public Education

FBA Functional Behavior Assessment

FERPA Family Education Rights and Privacy Act of 1974

FGC Family Guidance Center (CAMHD)

GE Geographic Exception

GED General Education Development

HAEYC Hawaii Association for the Education of Young Children

HDRC Hawaii Disability Rights Center

HFAA Hawaii Families As Allies

HI Hearing Impairment

H-KISS Hawaii Keiki Information Service System

IAES Interim Alternative Educational Setting

IDEA Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

IEP Individualized Education Program

IFSP Individualized Family Support Plan

ILI Initial Line of Inquiry

IQ Intelligence Quotient

ISPED Integrated Special Education System (SpEd Database)

ISP Individualized Service Plan

LD/SLD Learning Disability/Specific Learning Disability

LDAH Learning Disabilities Association of Hawaii

LRE Least Restrictive Environment

MD Muscular Dystrophy

MN Meeting Notification (DOH EI)

MP Modification Plan (Section 504)

MR Mental Retardation

MS Multiple Sclerosis

NCLB No Child Left Behind Act of 2001

OCD Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

OCISS Office of Curriculum, Instruction & Student Support

ODD Oppositional Defiant Disorder

OHI Other Health Impairment

OI Orthopedic Impairment

OSEP Office of Special Education Programs

OT Occupational Therapy

PBS Positive Behavior Supports

PCNC Parent Community Networking Center

PDD Pervasive Developmental Disorder

PLEP Present Levels of Educational Performance

PLOD Present Levels of Development

PSN Procedural Safeguards Notice

PT Physical Therapy

PWN Prior Written Notice

PSAP Primary School Adjustment Program

QA Quality Assurance

RFE Request for Evaluation

RT Resource Teacher

SBBH School-Based Behavioral Health

SLI Speech-Language Impairment

SCC School Community Council

SLP Speech-Language Pathology

SLPA Speech= Language Pathology Assistant

SPED Special Education

SPIN Special Instruction (Early Intervention)

619 Coordinator  Preschool Coordinator (DOE)

SSC Student Services Coordinator

SST Student Support Team

TBI Traumatic Brain Injury

TS Tourette Syndrome

VI Visual Impairment